DEPOSITION OF POTHY
No body ask my story therefore i
At any time of any body of any sort of story
Our Muslim Chhipa Samaj is highly expansive. This
deed regarding the authentic history of our genealogy has been
prepared by the cooperation of Shri Motilal for our society.
It is a matter of sorrow that, our new generation ignores to
get the recent note of our genealogy registered in the Balwa pothy
and to make proper appreciation of Balwa , which will become very
much difficult for the preservation of the note of our genealogy in
future. There is special insistence of the citizens of jamat that,
in spite of having their engagement they may allot the necessary
time for Balwa and cooperate them.
It is said that, the past never chases the human
being. Despite this past is either glorious or ordinary, the human
always stirs it. The human does not have ease without stirring it.
There is purpose of satisfying the curiosity of human being to cover
the subject of history in syllabus. Though history means human
pilgrimage, and troubles coming in that pilgrimage and its
disorderly problems. Despite the same being that much grave, the
human is ruminating the same. Because those days assist him in
engraving new path of future life. We all have the curiosity to know
the history of our community. But our systematic history is not
written. For peeping in the past, only the history can be said as
peeping window. If the history is that of past, we may hear it
through our existing elders and old persons .But if the past is very
much half, the historical volumes and books only can be proved
helpful. As stated above, the proper history of us ie muslim Chhipa
jamat is not available. Only small big deeds found from here and
there can be said as our history and perhaps these deeds might have
been written during two three decades. However a very much old
volume appears to be a ray of hope which is not seen by us up till
now properly. In this volume, entering in to Islam religion, since
we read over the KALMAE A TAIBAH "LAILAHA ILLA LLAHO MOHMADUR
RASULULLAH" The report till today is narrated. We can know our
history old up to seven hundred fifty years through this volume.
This volume is "Balwa pothy."
What is Balwa Pothy ?
The persons whom we say as Barot or Bhat in Gujarat
are known as Balwa or Balwaji in Marwad. There is Barot of each
community. Said Barot persons in the community maintain the history
of the genealogy of that community. Their memory power and mode of
talking is different. The work of maintaining our genealogy in
Marwad was carried out by the Balwaji which is continued till this
day. Said Barot persons having been decided as Barot of the
community know about the transaction of the persons, their genealogy
ie who has how many sons, who has married to whom or had married,
woman was daughter of whom, the man is an issue of which number ,
whether he is of first wife or that of second wife or is adopted,
how much strength of men in family, how much strength of women,
family is of which cast i.e. originally Bhati, Tank or Molani in
view of Marwad. The bride brought is that of which cast, marriage
was performed in which village, which city, on which date, in which
faliya or street, in own house or in the rental house, who was land
lord, what was cooked in the marriage, what was given to Balwaji in
form of gift, what was given to Balwaji at the time of birth of
children. These all can be known through the volume or book.
Certainly this book gives an idea as to economic condition of the
family from what was given to Balwaji and the marriage was performed
either in own house or in rented house. It can be said on the basis
of this Balwa pothy that the period of prosperity of any family
sustained up to how much period or poverty of family remained
continued up to how much time and how much that family might have
tolerated. The people were believing up till now that only genealogy
can be seen in the Balwa pothy and the information of our close
friends are being found through it. But it is not so. Perhaps we may
not understand the significance of this Balwa pothy. But our
ancestors had assessed its significance very much. Hence they were
dictating the overall facts of their family continuously in this
pothy. So our ancestors have dictated the writing of the Balwa pothy
them selves. There is very little possibility as to the Balwas had
made additions alterations therein. Because there is apprehension as
to that genealogy may be caught some where.
With whom the present Balwa pothy is there ?
As discussed above, our present Balwa pothy is with
Shri Motilalji Pirumal (Gulabji)At present Shri Motilalji resides in
Sarkigaran's street, Kalyanji marg, Jaipur, Rajasthan. His elder
uncle Piruba Sultanba in the savant year 1988 before 56 years from
today has made a copy of present pothy from the previous pothy and
at present Shri Motilalji is making addition therein. He has divided
this pothy in four parts to cover the overall Muslim Chhipa
Community. It means, he has made four pothies as per the casts. The
detail of said four pothies is as under.
Pothi no 1
In this pothy the genealogy of Muslim Bhati of
overall India has been mentioned. In this genealogy both the casts
of Bhati such as Jinbhati and Jamavat Bhati are included. There are
total seventeen thousand two hundred eighty pages in this pothy.
About one hundred additional pages are also placed. Besides the
genealogy of overall muslim Chhipa Jin Bhati till this day from
Samvat year 1291, their strength, their living style, the main
places of their residences, daughter transaction etc note is also
found from this pothy. Nothing has been written in this pothy about
any other cast of Chhipa jamat. Because the separate pothies have
been kept for other casts.
Pothi no 2
Tank, the sub cast of overall Muslim Chhipa cast has
been mentioned in the pothy no2. As the strength of Tank cast is
very much big the separate pothy thereof has been kept. In this
pothy, both casts of tank such as Utwal tank and Shefa tank are
included. The pages of this volume also are seventeen thousands two
hundred eighty. If any tank of overall India wants to get the
information of his akin, the same is available from this pothy.
Pothi no 3 and 4
There are total 14 sub casts of muslim Chhipa
community in overall India. Deducting Bhati and Tank there from, the
genealogy for all the remaining casts is available from these two
pothies. The pages of third pothy is ten thousands five hundred
sixty. The total pages and weight of all the four pothies showing
the genealogy of total Muslim Chhipa cast and sub cast is more than
56000. It can be seen from it that, this pothy exposing the Chhipa
history is how much solid. If all these four books are weighed
simultaneously the same may be more than 50 kilos .
Other copies of pothies
Some time, the work of preservation and writing the
genealogy of overall Chhipa cast was in the hand of a Balwa and he
was the dependent only upon this Balwa. But as the time passed, the
population and residential places of Chhipa increased. At the same
time the strength of family members of Balwas also increased.
Therefore the different persons have distributed the separate areas
and houses. Therefore at present Shri Motilal has also four
different copies of four pothies lying with him. Four copies thereof
are with his family member Shri Prabhulal. Other four copies are
with Babulal and other four copies are with Shri Lallulal. All these
are the members of same family. All the aforesaid three Balwajis do
not come to Ahmedabad. Out of them one takes care of area of
Rajathan. Second takes care of Mewad. Third takes care of Malwa. All
these four make copy from each other from time to time and the
writing of all the four is being found similar. If any Tank or Bhati
of Malwa wants to have the information about any Tank or Bhati of
Ahmedabad, he can get the same there. Similarly if any Devada or
Chauhan of Rajasthan, wants to have the information of Devada or
Chauhan of Mewad, the same is available from it. It means that at
present, the volume or book of two lakhs pages is available today
for the intact preservation of Chhipa history in proper manner , in
order and till this very day. It can be known from it that, how much
Balwajis take care to preserve our history.
The language of pothy
Mostly the Chhipas reside in Hindi states. Therefore
the language of this pothy is also Hindi mix Rajasthani. Hence no
Chhipa feels difficulty to understand the same.
Papers and signature of pothy
It can be imagined from the aforesaid information
that, there remains the necessity of special type of papers to
preserve such type of volumes. These pothies are required to be
referred to write down as much as the books are not being referred
to read over. After the commencement of writing these pothies, the
same pothies is being written by the three generations of Balwas. It
means only one pothy is being used up to 150 years. Balwajis say the
period of 150 years as Thamo. So the entire history is preserved in
total five Thamas. Despite the papers used in pothy are thin, they
are such that both the sides can be written and they do not become
brittle. These papers are of special made. The ancestors of Balwajis
were making these papers. Now they do not make .The ink being used
in the writing of pothy is black and water proof. Hence, even if the
pothi becomes wet in water it is not being affected.
Our history on the basis of pothy
The important part of this only volume gives
information in detail as to when we became Muslims, in whose time we
became, by whose inspiration we became, in whose leadership we
became, who were the leaders, who was the Ruler of Delhi, at which
place we became, as to when we entered in the Holy Islam.
Information thereof is as under.
Balwa pothy says that, coming from Jesalmer the
Chhipas had resided in Nagor. In the samvat year 1291, when
Firozshah Taghalakh of Takhlakh lineage was on throne of Delhi, all
the Chhipas had adopted Islam in Nagor sharif. Giving very much
important information about it, this volume shows that Firozshah
Taghalakh was in Nagor making camp there due to some political
reason in samvat year 1291. The camp had run about two months. Shri
Tilaji of hindu Chhipa lineage was in the Govt. service. Tilaji was
very clever, ready witted and of independently intelligent. He was
always remaining in service to the Sultan Firozshah Taghlakh.
Remaining in constant company with Firozshah , he observed with
scrutiny the generous heartedness of this Great Sultan and the
doctrines of Islam. Tilaji was highly impressed by much
gentlemanliness , brotherhood, truth, equality, and simple nature of
Firozshah and other muslim officers. Looking the merits of Islam and
the followers of Islam he was much attracted towards Islam and was
making churning in mind.
For the reason of constant company with the King and
extraordinary attraction of Islam the words such as "YA ALLAH ",
"YA KHUDA" were coming out easily from the mouth of Tilaji. He
had much impatience to enter in to Islam religion.
Once the word "YA ALLAH," came out with much
appreciation from the mouth of Tilaji just in presence of the king,
Sultan Firozshah saw towards Tilaji and said," Tilaji where have you
reached? Just read over the Kalma." On hearing this Tilaji was much
delighted and spoke," I will read over tomorrow." On the same night,
Tilaji called a meeting of all the leaders of Chhipa community and
admiring Islam he said," I will adopt Islam just tomorrow." At that
time the leaders of total 15 Akins of hindu Chhipas were present
there. All of them also determined to read the kalma and on next day
entered in to Islam in presence of Firozshah Taghlakh. Giving
information as to which leaders of Chhipa cast and sub casts were
present with Tilaji, pothy says that, Tilaji from Molani, Naradaji
from JesalmeriBhati, Virpalji from Untwal Tank, Mansinghji from
Dewada, Abaji, Mangaliya, Rav, Behlim, Saifatank, Chauhan, Lodha,
Bhimpal pawar from Jamavat Bhati and Kahalji (Jamalji), Mansinghji
(Mukhdarkhan), Suratram (Sultanji), Amarsingh (Ajameri),
Harkunwar,Hansjraj,Kaluji, Amarsingh and Abekarhaji were main from
Kukada respectively. In this way, the leaders of all the fifteen
communities reading over the KALMAE A TAIBAH "LAILAHA ILLA LLAHO
MOHMADUR RASULULLAH" came on the religious path. This holy day
was of Samvat 1291Vaishakh Sud Thrij day Tuesday, time 10 to 11 pm.
In this way KHUDA TALA helped us or ancestors to bring on the
path of truth and fazal and karam of KHUDA was endowed to us
on this day.
As per my belief, at that time, it might be the
ending time of `Khwaja Hind Vali Moinuddin Chisti Ajameri (R.A)' or
might be very close time after his demise. During this period the
work of Islami tablig was going full form. The strength of the
persons entering in to Islam and those reading over the Kalma was
increasing at all the four sides and especially in Rajasthan. So the
light of Islam was very much glittering in the time of Tilaji.
Therefore the effect of atmosphere might have touched to our
ancestors. As per my belief, the time of Samvat 1291 was the time of
Khwaja Hamiduddin Nagori in Nagor . Khwaja Hamiduddin Nagori had
already shown the miracle of his spiritual power in Nagor and its
areas. It is probable that, this may be a result of the Tabligi task
of Firozshah Taghlakh and Khwaja Hamiduddin Nagori that, we turned
to the path of truth. It can not be believed that if Khwaja
Hamiduddin Nagori himself might be present in Nagor and Chhipas
might have remained deprived of his spiritual faiz. What so ever it
may be, the history of this auspicious occasion is written in this
Information about the Chhipa communities.
When Chhipas entered in to Islam, their total 15 sub
casts were there which are like this
(1) Molani (2) Jesalmeri (3) Jinbhati (4)
Untwaltank (5) Shefatank (6) Chauhan (7) Rav (8) Kukada
(9) Behlim (10) Lodha (11) Bhimpal (12) Pawar (13)
Mangaliya (14) Joiyati (15) Dewada
Out of said 15 casts at present not a single house
of Joiyati cast is being found. The genealogy of this cast is
stopped and at present its member is not existing. Whereas the
houses of Mangaliya cast are only four. Two are in Pali and two are
in Ahmedabad. .Alabaxji and Nabuji Mangwala in Pali are of Mangaliya
cast. In said Mangaliya cast Advocate Janab Mohmod Sarif bhai of
Mogi textiles in Pali is well known person. Mangaliya cast is being
known as Mangalji wala in Ahmedabad.
Present states of Chhipa residences
At present Chhipas are residing mostly in the states
of Gujarat, Rajasthan Punjab, Sindha, Madhya pradesh , Maharashtra
and Andhra Pradesh. The residence of Chhipa family has been shown in
Dibgadh and Gauhatti situate utterly in east of India. Reaching to
Colcatta of Bangal, Jorhat area of Asam, Chhipas had resided there.
This pothy shows the information accordingly. As per my belief, the
adventurous Chhipas might have reached up to Rangun from Bangal. .
Though now, the scattered families have resided in England, Middle
Asia and Arab countries from India and Pakistan .Originally these
Chhipas belong to Rajasthjan.
Pothy shows that, once upon a time , there were 500
houses in Asop , 600 in Pali, 600 in Sojat, 500 to 600 in Bikaner,
and about 600 even in Jodhpur of Rajasthan. .There were 250 to 300
houses in Pipad too. Whereas today there are 6 to 7 houses in Asop.
There are 16 to 17 houses in Pipad. There are about 25 in Sojat.
Because most of Chhipas have resided here coming from all over
Rajasthan. The population of Malwa is not shown. Because Chhipas had
resided in Malwa and Mewad after many years. Therefore this pothy
shows only the number of original root. This pothy also gives such
an information that, the residence of Chhipas at Ahmedabd is only
100 years old. Though they had started to come from Rajsthan for
business purpose before 150 years. Working in season up to about 50
years the Chhipas were going to their natives at Rajasthan in rainy
season. They have started the domicile just before 100 years.
However, residing in large number in seven streets of Jamalpur area
of Ahmedabad in 100 years, Chhipas have created a very big surprise.
Because no example is being found as to only the cast residing only
in an area in an industrial city like Ahmedabd.
The wonderful or memorable occasions noted in
Besides the genealogy, our living style, customs,
gift given to them, caste dinner, relationship, adoption entrance in
to Islam, deposition given in the court, the Balwas have noted many
other facts, in which some occasions appear really wonderful. I
describe here only two three occasions.
The occasion of living burial
It is noted at one place in this Chhipa history type
volume that in Samvat 1637 Mitichaitra Sud 5, an elder person namely
Samanji had buried himself alive making announcement in Bisalpur.
This pothy says that ,Samanji was highly religious person. But he
was not eating mutton. His daughter in law had cooked mutton by
mistake , in the vessel of eating. Believing that his practice is
broken, he had buried himself alive making open announcement. This
Samanji was of Rav family. At present his tomb is having existence
in Bisalpur and the people go to perform fateha on his tomb.
The occasions of sacrifice
In Samvat 1801, in village Jojavar, one Chhipa elder
namely Pithaji had scarified him self by fighting against the
robbers of different religion and invaders. This Pithaji was one of
the elder person of Goti family of Ahmedabad.
The occasion of an elder visiting his sons with body
after his death.
Narrating a wonderful and strange incident in the
Samvat 1830 this pothy says that, Chhipa Rahmji Pipada had come from
Pipada and resided at Narsingh khedada of Malwa. His business was of
pothiya (bullock carrying load). Therefore he was setting a shop.
For the purpose of setting a shop, at one noon, he started to go to
village near by from Narsingh khedada. He was sitting with luggage
on the horse. It was time of Namaz e Asar while passing from the
jungle. He got down from the horse and he concentrated in Namaz .The
robbers arrived and dissected his head by sword in sazda and looted
the luggage. Running from there the horse of Rahimji reached to the
house of Rahimji at Narsinghgadh. Looking only the horse, the sons
of Rahimji followed the horse just to meet with the situation.
Bringing near the dead owner the horse stopped the sons there. At
night the coming in dream Rahimji said to his sons, " I will meet on
certain day in grave yard.". Taking advice of some body the sons of
Rahimji reached to grave yard along with incense sticks and flowers
on the day fixed. Sons were without courage. In the days of cold
they set below the tamarind tree up to late night shaking by the
fear and cold. They saw Rahimji ahead of all after twelve hours at
night along with the many lamps in the hand. The gate of grave yard
was closed. Rahimji asked to open the gate. The sons hidden due to
fear. Inauspicious words came out from the mouth of Rahimji for the
fearfulness of sons and right from very next day, the decline of
family started. This pothy has taken note thereof.
Chhipa elder getting exemption from the sentence of
This is an occasion of Chittod. The queen of king of
Chittod and her friends were swinging in spring season .There was a
big pond nearby. The ring of diamonds belonging to queen fell down
in the pond. It was searched very much. But could not be found. One
Chhipa elder was being considered as an expert in swimming. He was
sentenced to life imprisonment for some crime. The king heard the
fact. He called Chhipa elder. He made dive in the pond and found the
ring and the king exempted him from the sentence of life
Many such occassions are being found noted in
Importance of pothy in Court, office
This pothy of Balwaji has helped the persons many
times in the occasions of right of inheritance and adoption. It had
helped very much to a claimant in getting the right of inheritance
in Jesalmer . The court had granted the right of the claimant on the
basis of genealogy .Even at present the Balwajis are being called to
give the deposition in the cases of right of inheritance in
Rajasthan and such 16 or 17 occassions are being noted in this
The own deposition of Balwaji about this
At present the importance of this pothy is decreased
much. Shri Motilal has grief for the same. The respect of Balwaji
and Balwa pothy is preserved in Pakistan, Rajasthan, Mewad, and
Malwa than Gujarat. They get very much respect there. They come to
Ahmedabad every year. In between if any body calls he comes. This is
the source of maintenance of Motilal the preserver of the Chhipa
history. There is no surprise if the negligence of persons diverts
him from this task and perhaps he may not hand over this task to his
family members. It is his say. It is expected that besides the
genealogy, our persons may mention the study, rank or the category
of service in this pothy ,so that the future generation may get
easily the report of our educational progress. Besides the
information having been given in pothy, if the new and necessary
information is given, one concrete, honest and constant history may
be available for the new generation and it is better if we preserve
this history and understand its significance. We are thanks ful to